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Effect of an offshore sinkhole perforation in a coastal confined aquifer on submarine groundwater discharge

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Abstract

In order to explore submarine groundwater discharge in the vicinity of karst features that penetrate the confining layer of an offshore, partially confined aquifer, we constructed a three-dimensional groundwater model using the SUTRA (Saturated-Unsaturated TRAnsport) variable-density groundwater flow model. We ran a parameter sensitivity analysis, testing the effects of recharge rates, permeabilities of the aquifer and confining layer, and thickness of the confining layer. In all simulations, less than 20% of the freshwater recharge for the entire model exits through the sinkhole. Recirculated seawater usually accounts for 10-30% of the total outflow from the model. Often, the sinkhole lies seaward of the transition zone and acts as a recharge feature for recirculating seawater. The permeability ratio between aquifer and confining layer influences the configuration of the freshwater wedge the most; as confining layer permeability decreases, the wedge lengthens and the fraction of total discharge exiting through the sinkhole increases. Copyright ?? 2007 IAHS Press.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Conference Paper
Publication Subtype:
Conference Paper
Title:
Effect of an offshore sinkhole perforation in a coastal confined aquifer on submarine groundwater discharge
ISBN:
9781901502046
Issue:
312
Year Published:
2007
Language:
English
Larger Work Title:
IAHS-AISH Publication
First page:
256
Last page:
263
Number of Pages:
8
Conference Title:
International Symposium: A New Focus on Groundwater - Seawater Interactions - 24th General Assembly of the In
Conference Location:
Perugia
Conference Date:
2 July 2007 through 13 July 2007