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Unique problems associated with seismic analysis of partially gas-saturated unconsolidated sediments

Marine and Petroleum Geology

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DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2008.07.009

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Abstract

Gas hydrate stability conditions restrict the occurrence of gas hydrate to unconsolidated and high water-content sediments at shallow depths. Because of these host sediments properties, seismic and well log data acquired for the detection of free gas and associated gas hydrate-bearing sediments often require nonconventional analysis. For example, a conventional method of identifying free gas using the compressional/shear-wave velocity (Vp/Vs) ratio at the logging frequency will not work, unless the free-gas saturations are more than about 40%. The P-wave velocity dispersion of partially gas-saturated sediments causes a problem in interpreting well log velocities and seismic data. Using the White, J.E. [1975. Computed seismic speeds and attenuation in rocks with partial gas saturation. Geophysics 40, 224-232] model for partially gas-saturated sediments, the difference between well log and seismic velocities can be reconciled. The inclusion of P-wave velocity dispersion in interpreting well log data is, therefore, essential to identify free gas and to tie surface seismic data to synthetic seismograms.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Unique problems associated with seismic analysis of partially gas-saturated unconsolidated sediments
Series title:
Marine and Petroleum Geology
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2008.07.009
Volume
26
Issue:
6
Year Published:
2009
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
775
Last page:
781
Number of Pages:
7