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Steric hindrance and the enhanced stability of light rare-earth elements in hydrothermal fluids

American Mineralogist

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.2138/am.2009.3250

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Abstract

A series of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) experiments were made to determine the structure and stability of aqueous REE (La, Nd, Gd, and Yb) chloride complexes to 500 ??C and 520 MPa. The REE3+ ions exhibit inner-sphere chloroaqua complexation with a steady increase of chloride coordination with increasing temperature in the 150 to 500 ??C range. Furthermore, the degree of chloride coordination of REE3+ inner-sphere chloroaqua complexes decreases significantly from light to heavy REE. These results indicate that steric hindrance drives the reduction of chloride coordination of REE3+ inner-sphere chloroaqua complexes from light to heavy REE. This results in greater stability and preferential transport of light REE3+ over heavy REE3+ ions in saline hydrothermal fluids. Accordingly, the preferential mobility of light REE directly influences the relative abundance of REE in rocks and minerals and thus needs to be considered in geochemical modeling of petrogenetic and ore-forming processes affected by chloride-bearing hydrothermal fluids.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Steric hindrance and the enhanced stability of light rare-earth elements in hydrothermal fluids
Series title:
American Mineralogist
DOI:
10.2138/am.2009.3250
Volume
94
Issue:
10
Year Published:
2009
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
American Mineralogist
First page:
1487
Last page:
1490