thumbnail

Recent volcanic history of Iraz?? volcano, Costa Rica: Alternation and mixing of two magma batches, and pervasive mixing

Special Paper of the Geological Society of America

By:
, , , , , and
DOI: 10.1130/2006.2412(14)

Links

Abstract

40Ar/39Ar dates, fi eld observations, and geochemical data are reported for Iraz?? volcano, Costa Rica. Volcanism dates back to at least 854 ka, but has been episodic with lava shield construction peaks at ca. 570 ka and 136-0 ka. The recent volcanic record on Iraz?? volcano comprises lava fl ows and a variety of Strombolian and phreatomagmatic deposits, with a long-term trend toward more hydrovolcanic deposits. Banded scorias and hybridized rocks refl ect ubiquitous magma mixing and commingling. Two distinct magma batches have been identifi ed. One magma type or batch, Haya, includes basalt with higher high fi eld strength (HFS) and rare-earth element contents, suggesting a lower degree melt of a subduction modifi ed mantle source. The second batch, Sapper, has greater enrichment of large ion lithophile elements (LILE) relative to HFS elements and rare-earth elements, suggesting a higher subduction signature. The recent volcanic history at Iraz?? records two and one half sequences of the following pattern: eruptions of the Haya batch; eruptions of the Sapper batch; and fi nally, an unusually clear unconformity, indicating a pause in eruptions. In the last two sequences, strongly hybridized magma erupted after the eruption of the Haya batch. The continuing presence of two distinct magma batches requires two active magma chambers. The common occurrence of hybrids is evidence for a small, nearer to the surface chamber for mixing the two batches. Estimated pre-eruptive temperatures based on two-pyroxene geothermometry range from ??1000-1176 ??C in basalts to 922 ??C in hornblende andesites. Crystallization occurred mainly between 4.6 and 3 kb as measured by different geobarometers. Hybridized rocks show intermediate pressures and temperatures. High silica magma occurs in very small volumes as banded scorias but not as lava fl ows. Although eruptions at Iraz?? are not often very explosive, the pervasiveness of magma mixing presents the danger of larger, more explosive hybrid eruptions. ?? 2006 Geological Society of America.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Recent volcanic history of Iraz?? volcano, Costa Rica: Alternation and mixing of two magma batches, and pervasive mixing
Series title:
Special Paper of the Geological Society of America
DOI:
10.1130/2006.2412(14)
Issue:
412
Year Published:
2006
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Special Paper of the Geological Society of America
First page:
259
Last page:
276
Number of Pages:
18