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Incorporating both physical and kinetic limitations in quantifying dissolved oxygen flux to aquatic sediments

Journal of Environmental Engineering

By:
, ,
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000093

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Abstract

Traditionally, dissolved oxygen (DO) fluxes have been calculated using the thin-film theory with DO microstructure data in systems characterized by fine sediments and low velocities. However, recent experimental evidence of fluctuating DO concentrations near the sediment-water interface suggests that turbulence and coherent motions control the mass transfer, and the surface renewal theory gives a more mechanistic model for quantifying fluxes. Both models involve quantifying the mass transfer coefficient (k) and the relevant concentration difference (??C). This study compared several empirical models for quantifying k based on both thin-film and surface renewal theories, as well as presents a new method for quantifying ??C (dynamic approach) that is consistent with the observed DO concentration fluctuations near the interface. Data were used from a series of flume experiments that includes both physical and kinetic uptake limitations of the flux. Results indicated that methods for quantifying k and ??C using the surface renewal theory better estimated the DO flux across a range of fluid-flow conditions. ?? 2009 ASCE.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Incorporating both physical and kinetic limitations in quantifying dissolved oxygen flux to aquatic sediments
Series title:
Journal of Environmental Engineering
DOI:
10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000093
Volume
135
Issue:
12
Year Published:
2009
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
1304
Last page:
1314
Number of Pages:
11