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Coal lithotypes before and after saturation with CO2; insights from micro- and mesoporosity, fluidity, and functional group distribution

International Journal of Coal Geology

By:
, , ,
DOI: 10.1016/j.coal.2010.06.007

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Abstract

Four lithotypes, vitrain, bright clarain, clarain, and fusain, were hand-picked from the core of the Pennsylvanian Springfield Coal Member (Petersburg Formation) in Illinois. These lithotypes were analyzed petrographically and for meso- and micropore characteristics, functional group distribution using FTIR techniques, and fluidity. High-pressure CO2 adsorption isotherm analyses of these lithotypes were performed and, subsequently, all samples were reanalyzed in order to investigate the effects of CO2. After the high-pressure adsorption isotherm analysis was conducted and the samples were reanalyzed, there was a decrease in BET surface area for vitrain from 31.5m2/g in the original sample to 28.5m2/g, as determined by low-pressure nitrogen adsorption. Bright clarain and clarain recorded a minimal decrease in BET surface area, whereas for fusain there was an increase from 6.6m2/g to 7.9m2/g. Using low-pressure CO2 adsorption techniques, a small decrease in the quantity of the adsorbed CO2 is recorded for vitrain and bright clarain, no difference is observed for clarain, and there is an increase in the quantity of the adsorbed CO2 for fusain. Comparison of the FTIR spectra before and after CO2 injection for all lithotypes showed no differences with respect to functional group distribution, testifying against chemical nature of CO2 adsorption. Gieseler plastometry shows that: 1) softening temperature is higher for the post-CO2 sample (389.5??C vs. 386??C); 2) solidification temperature is lower for the post-CO2 sample (443.5??C vs. 451??C); and 3) the maximum fluidity is significantly lower for the post-CO2 sample (4 ddpm vs. 14 ddpm). ?? 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Coal lithotypes before and after saturation with CO2; insights from micro- and mesoporosity, fluidity, and functional group distribution
Series title:
International Journal of Coal Geology
DOI:
10.1016/j.coal.2010.06.007
Volume
83
Issue:
4
Year Published:
2010
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
467
Last page:
474
Number of Pages:
8