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Structural analysis of three extensional detachment faults with data from the 2000 Space-Shuttle Radar Topography Mission

GSA Today

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DOI: 10.1130/GSATG59A.1

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Abstract

The Space-Shuttle Radar Topography Mission provided geologists with a detailed digital elevation model of most of Earth's land surface. This new database is used here for structural analysis of grooved surfaces interpreted to be the exhumed footwalls of three active or recently active extensional detachment faults. Exhumed fault footwalls, each with an areal extent of one hundred to several hundred square kilometers, make up much of Dayman dome in eastern Papua New Guinea, the western Gurla Mandhata massif in the central Himalaya, and the northern Tokorondo Mountains in central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Footwall curvature in profile varies from planar to slightly convex upward at Gurla Mandhata to strongly convex upward at northwestern Dayman dome. Fault curvature decreases away from the trace of the bounding detachment fault in western Dayman dome and in the Tokorondo massif, suggesting footwall flattening (reduction in curvature) following exhumation. Grooves of highly variable wavelength and amplitude reveal extension direction, although structural processes of groove genesis may be diverse.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Structural analysis of three extensional detachment faults with data from the 2000 Space-Shuttle Radar Topography Mission
Series title:
GSA Today
DOI:
10.1130/GSATG59A.1
Volume
20
Issue:
8
Year Published:
2010
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
GSA Today
First page:
4
Last page:
10