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Mussel remains from prehistoric salt works, clarke county, Alabama

Southeastern Naturalist

By:
,
DOI: 10.1656/058.009.0109

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Abstract

Archaeological research at salt springs in Clarke County, AL (Tombigbee River drainage), documented bivalve mollusk exploitation by late prehistoric American Indians. A total of 582 valves representing 19 species of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) and an estuarine clam (Mactridae) from the Lower Salt Works Site (ca. A.D. 900-1550) and 41 valve fragments representing 6 mussel species from the Stimpson Site (ca. A.D. 1200-1550) were documented. The Lower Salt Works fauna was dominated numerically by Fusconaia ebena and Quadrula asperata, the dominant species reported during recent local surveys. The mussel species represented are known from medium to large streams in sand and gravel habitats and include four federally protected species and other species of conservation concern in Alabama. Results offer comparative data for other archaeological and ecological studies in the region.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Mussel remains from prehistoric salt works, clarke county, Alabama
Series title:
Southeastern Naturalist
DOI:
10.1656/058.009.0109
Volume
9
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2010
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Southeastern Naturalist
First page:
105
Last page:
118
Number of Pages:
14