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Structural geology of Amazonian-aged layered sedimentary deposits in southwest Candor Chasma, Mars

Icarus

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DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.11.012

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Abstract

The structural geology of an outcropping of layered sedimentary deposits in southwest Candor Chasma is mapped using two adjacent high-resolution (1 m/pixel) HiRISE digital elevation models and orthoimagery. Analysis of these structural data yields new insight into the depositional and deformational history of these deposits. Bedding in non-deformed areas generally dips toward the center of west Candor Chasma, suggesting that these deposits are basin-filling sediments. Numerous kilometer-scale faults and folds characterize the deformation here. Normal faults of the requisite orientation and length for chasma-related faulting are not observed, indicating that the local sediments accumulated after chasma formation had largely ceased in this area. The cause of the observed deformation is attributed to landsliding within these sedimentary deposits. Observed crosscutting relationships indicate that a population of sub-vertical joints are the youngest deformational structures in the area. The distribution of strain amongst these joints, and an apparently youthful infill of sediment, suggests that these fractures have been active in the recent past. The source of the driving stress acting on these joints has yet to be fully constrained, but the joint orientations are consistent with minor subsidence within west Candor Chasma.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Structural geology of Amazonian-aged layered sedimentary deposits in southwest Candor Chasma, Mars
Series title:
Icarus
DOI:
10.1016/j.icarus.2009.11.012
Volume
207
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2010
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Icarus
First page:
210
Last page:
225
Number of Pages:
16