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Modeling radium distribution in coastal aquifers during sea level changes: The Dead Sea case

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

By:
, , , , and
DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2012.03.022

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Abstract

We present a new approach to studying the behavior of radium isotopes in a coastal aquifer. In order to simulate radium isotope distributions in the dynamic flow field of the Dead Sea aquifer, a multi-species density dependent flow model (SUTRA-MS) was used. Field data show that the activity of 226Ra decreases from 140 to 60 dpm/L upon entering the aquifer from the Dead Sea, and then further decreases linearly due to mixing with Ra-poor fresh water. On the other hand, an increase is observed in the activity of the shorter-lived isotopes (up to 52 dpm/L 224Ra and 31 dpm/L 223Ra), which are relatively low in Dead Sea water (up to 2.5 dpm/L 224Ra and 0.5 dpm/L 223Ra). The activities of the short lived radium isotopes also decrease with decreasing salinity, which is due to the effect of salinity on the adsorption of radium. The relationship between 224Ra and salinity suggests that the adsorption partition coefficient (K) is linearly related to salinity. Simulations of the steady-state conditions, show that the distance where equilibrium activity is attained for each radium isotope is affected by the isotope half-life, K and the groundwater velocity, resulting in a longer distance for the long-lived radium isotopes. K affects the radium distribution in transient conditions, especially that of the long-lived radium isotopes. The transient conditions in the Dead Sea system, with a 1 m/yr lake level drop, together with the radium field data, constrains K to be relatively low (<10). Thus, the sharp decrease in 226Ra cannot be explained by adsorption, and it is better explained by removal via coprecipitation, probably with barite or celestine.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Modeling radium distribution in coastal aquifers during sea level changes: The Dead Sea case
Series title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
DOI:
10.1016/j.gca.2012.03.022
Volume
88
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Publisher location:
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Contributing office(s):
Branch of Regional Research-Western Region
Description:
18 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
First page:
237
Last page:
254
Country:
Isreal
Other Geospatial:
Dead Sea