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Predictions and retrodictions of the hierarchical representation of habitat in heterogeneous environments

Ecological Modelling

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.03.030

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Abstract

Interaction between habitat and species is central in ecology. Habitat structure may be conceived as being hierarchical, where larger, more diverse, portions or categories contain smaller, more homogeneous portions. When this conceptualization is combined with the observation that species have different abilities to relate to portions of the habitat that differ in their characteristics, a number of known patterns can be derived and new patterns hypothesized. We propose a quantitative form of this habitat–species relationship by considering species abundance to be a function of habitat specialization, habitat fragmentation, amount of habitat, and adult body mass. The model reproduces and explains patterns such as variation in rank–abundance curves, greater variation and extinction probabilities of habitat specialists, discontinuities in traits (abundance, ecological range, pattern of variation, body size) among species sharing a community or area, and triangular distribution of body sizes, among others. The model has affinities to Holling's textural discontinuity hypothesis and metacommunity theory but differs from both by offering a more general perspective. In support of the model, we illustrate its general potential to capture and explain several empirical observations that historically have been treated independently.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Predictions and retrodictions of the hierarchical representation of habitat in heterogeneous environments
Series title:
Ecological Modelling
DOI:
10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.03.030
Volume
245
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Publisher location:
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Contributing office(s):
Nebraska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Description:
9 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Ecological Modelling
First page:
199
Last page:
207