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Critique on the use of the standardized avian acute oral toxicity test for first generation anticoagulant rodenticides

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment

By:
,
DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2012.707934

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Abstract

Avian risk assessments for rodenticides are often driven by the results of standardized acute oral toxicity tests without regards to a toxicant's mode of action and time course of adverse effects. First generation anticoagulant rodenticides (FGARs) generally require multiple feedings over several days to achieve a threshold concentration in tissue and cause adverse effects. This exposure regimen is much different than that used in the standardized acute oral toxicity test methodology. Median lethal dose values derived from standardized acute oral toxicity tests underestimate the environmental hazard and risk of FGARs. Caution is warranted when FGAR toxicity, physiological effects, and pharmacokinetics derived from standardized acute oral toxicity testing are used for forensic confirmation of the cause of death in avian mortality incidents and when characterizing FGARs' risks to free-ranging birds.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Critique on the use of the standardized avian acute oral toxicity test for first generation anticoagulant rodenticides
Series title:
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment
DOI:
10.1080/10807039.2012.707934
Volume
18
Issue:
5
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publisher location:
Philadelphia, PA
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
9 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
1069
Last page:
1077
Number of Pages:
9