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Competitive Interactions of Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) and Damesrocket (Hesperis matronalis)

Invasive Plant Science and Management

By:
, , and
DOI: 10.1614/IPSM-D-11-00025.1

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Abstract

Competitive interactions between native plants and nonnative, invasive plant species have been extensively studied; however, within degraded landscapes, the effect of interspecific interactions among invasive plants is less explored. We investigated a competitive interaction between two sympatric, invasive mustard species that have similar life history strategies and growth forms: garlic mustard and damesrocket. Greenhouse experiments using a full range of reciprocal density ratios were conducted to investigate interspecific competition. Garlic mustard had a negative effect on the final biomass, number of leaves, and relative growth rate in height of damesrocket. Survival of damesrocket was not negatively affected by interspecific competition with garlic mustard; however, garlic mustard showed higher mortality because of intraspecific competition. These results indicated that although garlic mustard has been observed to be the dominant species in this landscape, it may not completely outcompete damesrocket in all situations. Studies of invasive species in competition are important in degraded landscapes because this is the common situation in many natural areas.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Competitive Interactions of Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) and Damesrocket (Hesperis matronalis)
Series title:
Invasive Plant Science and Management
DOI:
10.1614/IPSM-D-11-00025.1
Volume
5
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
Weed Science Society of America
Publisher location:
http://www.wssa.net/
Contributing office(s):
Great Lakes Science Center
Description:
10 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Invasive Plant Science and Management
First page:
27
Last page:
36