thumbnail

Policies and practices of beach monitoring in the Great Lakes, USA: a critical review

Journal of Environmental Monitoring

By:
,
DOI: 10.1039/B917590C

Links

Abstract

Beaches throughout the Great Lakes are monitored for fecal indicator bacteria (typically Escherichia coli) in order to protect the public from potential sewage contamination. Currently, there is no universal standard for sample collection and analysis or results interpretation. Monitoring policies are developed by individual beach management jurisdictions, and applications are highly variable across and within lakes, states, and provinces. Extensive research has demonstrated that sampling decisions for time, depth, number of replicates, frequency of sampling, and laboratory analysis all influence the results outcome, as well as calculations of the mean and interpretation of the results in policy decisions. Additional shortcomings to current monitoring approaches include appropriateness and reliability of currently used indicator bacteria and the overall goal of these monitoring programs. Current research is attempting to circumvent these complex issues by developing new tools and methods for beach monitoring. In this review, we highlight the variety of sampling routines used across the Great Lakes and the extensive body of research that challenges comparisons among beaches. We also assess the future of Great Lakes monitoring and the advantages and disadvantages of establishing standards that are evenly applied across all beaches.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Policies and practices of beach monitoring in the Great Lakes, USA: a critical review
Series title:
Journal of Environmental Monitoring
DOI:
10.1039/B917590C
Volume
12
Year Published:
2010
Language:
English
Publisher:
RSC Publishing
Publisher location:
London, U.K.
Contributing office(s):
Great Lakes Science Center
Description:
10 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
581
Last page:
590
Country:
United States
Other Geospatial:
Great Lakes