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Mineral resource of the month: manganese

Earth

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Abstract

Manganese is a silver-colored metal resembling iron and often found in conjunction with iron. The earliest-known human use of manganese compounds was in the Stone Age, when early humans used manganese dioxide as pigments in cave paintings. In ancient Rome and Egypt, people started using it to color or remove the color from glass - a practice that continued to modern times. Today, manganese is predominantly used in metallurgical applications as an alloying addition, particularly in steel and cast iron production. Steel and cast iron together provide the largest market for manganese (historically 85 to 90 percent), but it is also alloyed with nonferrous metals such as aluminum and copper. Its importance to steel cannot be overstated, as almost all types of steel contain manganese and could not exist without it.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Mineral resource of the month: manganese
Series title:
Earth
Volume
57
Issue:
5
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Geosciences Institute
Publisher location:
Alexandria, VA
Contributing office(s):
National Minerals Information Center
Description:
1 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Earth
First page:
23
Last page:
23
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N