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Active transtensional intracontinental basins: Walker Lane in the western Great Basin

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DOI: 10.1002/9781444347166.ch11

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Abstract

The geometry and dimensions of sedimentary basins within the Walker Lane are a result of Plio-Pleistocene transtensive deformation and partial detachment of the Sierra Nevada crustal block from the North American plate. Distinct morpho-tectonic domains lie within this active transtensive zone. The northeast end of the Walker Lane is partly buried by active volcanism of the southern Cascades, and adjacent basins are filled or poorly developed. To the south, the basin sizes are moderate, 25–45km × 15–10 km, with narrow 8-12km wide mountain ranges mainly oriented N-S to NNE. These basins form subparallel arrays in discrete zones trending about 300° and have documented clockwise rotation. This is succeeded to the south by a releasing stepover domain ∼85-100km wide, where the basins are elongated E-W to ENE, small (∼15-30km long, 5-15km wide), and locally occupied by active volcanic centers. The southernmost part of the Walker Lane is structurally integrated, with high to extreme relief. Adjacent basins are elongate, 50-200km long and ∼5 -20km wide. Variations in transtensive basin orientations in the Walker Lane are largely attributable to variations in strain partitioning. Large basins in the Walker Lane have 2-6km displacement across basin bounding faults with up to 3 km of clastic accumulation based on gravity and drill hole data. The sedimentary deposits of the basins may include interbedded volcanic deposits with bimodal basaltic and rhyolitic associations. The basins may include lacustrine deposits that record a wide range of water chemistry from cold fresh water conditions to saline-evaporative

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Book chapter
Publication Subtype:
Book Chapter
Title:
Active transtensional intracontinental basins: Walker Lane in the western Great Basin
DOI:
10.1002/9781444347166.ch11
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher location:
Hoboken, NJ
Contributing office(s):
Geology and Geophysics Science Center
Description:
23 p.
Larger Work Type:
Book
Larger Work Subtype:
Other Government Series
First page:
226
Last page:
248
Number of Pages:
23
Country:
United States
Other Geospatial:
Cascades;Great Basin;Sierra Nevada;Walker Lane