thumbnail

A review of fire effects on vegetation and soils in the Great Basin region: response and ecological site characteristics

USDA General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-308

By:
, , , , and

Links

Abstract

This review synthesizes the state of knowledge on fire effects on vegetation and soils in semi-arid ecosystems in the Great Basin Region, including the central and northern Great Basin and Range, Columbia River Basin, and the Snake River Plain. We summarize available literature related to: (1) the effects of environmental gradients, ecological site, and vegetation characteristics on resilience to disturbance and resistance to invasive species; (2) the effects of fire on individual plant species and communities, biological soil crusts, seed banks, soil nutrients, and hydrology; and (3) the role of fire severity, fire versus fire surrogate treatments, and post-fire grazing in determining ecosystem response. From this, we identify knowledge gaps and present a framework for predicting plant successional trajectories following wild and prescribed fires and fire surrogate treatments. Possibly the three most important ecological site characteristics that influence a site’s resilience (ability of the ecological site to recover from disturbance) and resistance to invasive species are soil temperature/moisture regimes and the composition and structure of vegetation on the ecological site just prior to the disturbance event.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
Other Government Series
Title:
A review of fire effects on vegetation and soils in the Great Basin region: response and ecological site characteristics
Series title:
USDA General Technical Report
Series number:
RMRS-GTR-308
Year Published:
2013
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Publisher location:
Fort Collins, CO
Contributing office(s):
Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center
Description:
v, 126 p.
Number of Pages:
136
Country:
United States
Other Geospatial:
Columbia River Basin;Great Basin