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A review on cylindrospermopsin: the global occurrence, detection, toxicity and degradation of a potent cyanotoxin

Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts

By:
, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
DOI: 10.1039/C3EM00353A

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Abstract

Cylindrospermopsin is an important cyanobacterial toxin found in water bodies worldwide. The ever-increasing and global occurrence of massive and prolonged blooms of cylindrospermopsin-producing cyanobacteria poses a potential threat to both human and ecosystem health. Its toxicity is associated with metabolic activation and may involve mechanisms that adversely affect a wide variety of targets in an organism. Cylindrospermopsin has been shown to be cytotoxic, dermatotoxic, genotoxic, hepatotoxic in vivo, developmentally toxic, and may be carcinogenic. Human exposure may occur through drinking water, during recreational activities and by consuming foods in which the toxin may have bioaccumulated. Drinking water shortages of sufficient quality coupled with growing human pressures and climate variability and change necessitate an integrated and sustainable water management program. This review presents an overview of the importance of cylindrospermopsin, its detection, toxicity, worldwide distribution, and lastly, its chemical and biological degradation and removal by natural processes and drinking water treatment processes.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
A review on cylindrospermopsin: the global occurrence, detection, toxicity and degradation of a potent cyanotoxin
Series title:
Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts
DOI:
10.1039/C3EM00353A
Volume
15
Issue:
11
Year Published:
2013
Language:
English
Publisher:
RSC
Contributing office(s):
Kansas Water Science Center
Description:
25 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts
First page:
1979
Last page:
2003
Country:
United States