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Cutthroat trout virus as a surrogate in vitro infection model for testing inhibitors of hepatitis E virus replication

Antiviral Research

By:
, , ,
DOI: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.07.013

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Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of the most important causes of acute hepatitis worldwide. Although most infections are self-limiting, mortality is particularly high in pregnant women. Chronic infections can occur in transplant and other immune-compromised patients. Successful treatment of chronic hepatitis E has been reported with ribavirin and pegylated interferon-alpha, however severe side effects were observed. We employed the cutthroat trout virus (CTV), a non-pathogenic fish virus with remarkable similarities to HEV, as a potential surrogate for HEV and established an antiviral assay against this virus using the Chinook salmon embryo (CHSE-214) cell line. Ribavirin and the respective trout interferon were found to efficiently inhibit CTV replication. Other known broad-spectrum inhibitors of RNA virus replication such as the nucleoside analog 2′-C-methylcytidine resulted only in a moderate antiviral activity. In its natural fish host, CTV levels largely fluctuate during the reproductive cycle with the virus detected mainly during spawning. We wondered whether this aspect of CTV infection may serve as a surrogate model for the peculiar pathogenesis of HEV in pregnant women. To that end the effect of three sex steroids on in vitro CTV replication was evaluated. Whereas progesterone resulted in marked inhibition of virus replication, testosterone and 17β-estradiol stimulated viral growth. Our data thus indicate that CTV may serve as a surrogate model for HEV, both for antiviral experiments and studies on the replication biology of the Hepeviridae.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Cutthroat trout virus as a surrogate in vitro infection model for testing inhibitors of hepatitis E virus replication
Series title:
Antiviral Research
DOI:
10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.07.013
Volume
100
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2013
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Contributing office(s):
Western Fisheries Research Center
Description:
4 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
98
Last page:
101
Number of Pages:
4