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Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society

Annual Review of Marine Science

By:
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DOI: 10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135029

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Abstract

Infectious diseases are common in marine environments, but the effects of a changing climate on marine pathogens are not well understood. Here, we focus on reviewing current knowledge about how the climate drives hostpathogen interactions and infectious disease outbreaks. Climate-related impacts on marine diseases are being documented in corals, shellfish, finfish, and humans; these impacts are less clearly linked to other organisms. Oceans and people are inextricably linked, and marine diseases can both directly and indirectly affect human health, livelihoods, and well-being. We recommend an adaptive management approach to better increase the resilience of ocean systems vulnerable to marine diseases in a changing climate. Land-based management methods of quarantining, culling, and vaccinating are not successful in the ocean; therefore, forecasting conditions that lead to outbreaks and designing tools/approaches to influence these conditions may be the best way to manage marine disease.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society
Series title:
Annual Review of Marine Science
DOI:
10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135029
Volume
6
Year Published:
2014
Language:
English
Publisher:
Annual Reviews
Contributing office(s):
Western Fisheries Research Center
Description:
29 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Annual Review of Marine Science
First page:
249
Last page:
277