thumbnail

Igneous mineralogy at Bradbury Rise: the first ChemCam campaign at Gale crater

Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets

By:
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and
DOI: 10.1002/2013JE004472

Links

Abstract

Textural and compositional analyses using ChemCam Remote Micro Imager (RMI) and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) have been performed on 5 float rocks and coarse gravels along the first 100 meters of the Curiosity traverse at Bradbury rise. ChemCam, the first LIBS instrument sent to another planet, offers the opportunity to assess mineralogic diversity at grain-size scales (∼100μm) and, from this, lithologic diversity. Depth profiling indicates that targets are relatively free of surface coatings. One type of igneous rock is volcanic and includes both aphanitic (Coronation) and porphyritic (Mara) samples. The porphyritic sample shows dark grains that are likely pyroxene megacrysts in a finegrained mesostasis containing andesine needles. Both types have magnesium-poor basaltic compositions and in this respect are similar to the evolved Jake-Matijevic rock [Stolper et al., 2013] analyzed further along the Curiosity traverse both with APXS and ChemCam instruments. The second rock-type encountered is a coarse-grained intrusive rock (Thor Lake) showing equigranular texture with mm size crystals of feldspars and Fe-Ti oxides. Such a rock is not unique at Gale as the surrounding coarse gravels (such as Beaulieu) and the conglomerate Link are dominated by feldspathic (andesine-bytownite) clasts. Finally, alkali feldspar compositions associated with a silica polymorph have been analyzed in fractured filling material of Preble rock and in Stark, a putative pumice or an impact melt. These observations document magmatic diversity at Gale and describe the first fragments of feldspar-rich lithologies (possibly an anorthosite) that may be ancient crust transported from the crater rim and now forming float rocks, coarse gravel or conglomerate clasts.

Study Area

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Igneous mineralogy at Bradbury Rise: the first ChemCam campaign at Gale crater
Series title:
Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets
DOI:
10.1002/2013JE004472
Volume
119
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2014
Language:
English
Publisher:
Wiley
Contributing office(s):
Astrogeology Science Center
Description:
17 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets
First page:
30
Last page:
46
Other Geospatial:
Bradbury Rise;Mars