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An investigation of the bactericidal activity of selected essential oils to Aeromonas spp.

Journal of Advanced Research

By:
, , , , , , and
DOI: 10.1016/j.jare.2013.12.007

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Abstract

Diseases of fishes caused by Aeromonas spp. are common, have broad host ranges and may cause high mortality. Treatments for captive-reared populations using antimicrobials are limited with concerns for bacterial resistance development and environmental dissemination. This study was done to determine if selected plant-derived essential oils were bactericidal to Aeromonas spp. Initially, twelve essential oils were evaluated using a disk diffusion assay to an isolate of A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, cause of fish furunculosis. The greatest zones of inhibition were obtained with oils of cinnamon Cinnamomum cassia, oregano Origanum vulgare, lemongrass Cymbopogon citratus and thyme Thymus vulgaris. Minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC’s) were determined for these four oils, Allimed® (garlic extract, Allium sativum) and colloidal silver to sixty-nine isolates representing nine Aeromonas spp. The lowest mean MBC’s (0.02 to 0.04%) were obtained with three different sources of cinnamon oil. MBC’s for three sources of oregano and lemongrass oils ranged from 0.14 to 0.30% and 0.10 to 0.65%, respectively, and for two thyme oils were 2.11 and 2.22%. The highest concentration (5%) of Allimed® tested resulted in MBC’s to twelve isolates. A concentration of silver greater than 15 mg/L would be required to determine MBC’s for all but one isolate

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
An investigation of the bactericidal activity of selected essential oils to Aeromonas spp.
Series title:
Journal of Advanced Research
DOI:
10.1016/j.jare.2013.12.007
Volume
6
Year Published:
2015
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Contributing office(s):
Leetown Science Center
Description:
9 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Advanced Research
First page:
89
Last page:
97
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N