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Transport, behavior, and fate of volatile organic compounds in streams

Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology

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DOI: 10.1080/10643380091184183

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Abstract

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are compounds with chemical and physical properties that allow the compounds to move freely between the water and air phases of the environment. VOCs are widespread in the environment because of this mobility. Many VOCs have properties that make them suspected or known hazards to the health of humans and aquatic organisms. Consequently, understanding the processes affecting the concentration and distribution of VOCs in the environment is necessary. The transport, behavior, and fate of VOCs in streams are determined by combinations of chemical, physical, and biological processes. These processes are volatilization, absorption, wet and dry deposition, microbial degradation, sorption, hydrolysis, aquatic photolysis, oxidation, chemical reaction, biocon-centration, advection, and dispersion. The relative importance of each of these processes depends on the characteristics of the VOC and the stream. The U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment Program selected 55 VOCs for study. This article reviews the characteristics of the various processes that could affect the transport, behavior, and fate of these VOCs in streams.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Transport, behavior, and fate of volatile organic compounds in streams
Series title:
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
DOI:
10.1080/10643380091184183
Volume
30
Issue:
2
Year Published:
2000
Language:
English
Publisher:
CRC Press
Publisher location:
Boca Raton, FL
Description:
167 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
First page:
129
Last page:
295