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Preliminary report on the geology and ground-water supply of the Newark, New Jersey, area

Special Report (New Jersey Division of Water Policy and Supply) 10

Prepared in cooperation with the United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey
By:
,

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Abstract

In the Newark area, ground water is used chiefly for industrial cooling, air-conditioning, general processing, and for sanitary purposes. A small amount is used in the manufacture of beverages. Total ground-water pumpage in Newark is estimated at not less than 20,000,000 gallons daily.


The Newark area is underlain by formations of Recent, Pleistocene and Triassic age, and the geology and hydrologic properties of these formations are discussed. Attention is called to the important influence of a buried valley in the rock floor beneath the Newark area on the yield of wells located within it. Data on the fluctuation of the water levels and the variation in pumpage are presented, and their significance discussed. The results of a pumping test made during the investigation were inconclusive. The beneficial results of artificially recharging the aquifers in one part of the area are described.


The intrusion of salt water into certain parts of the ground-water body is described and graphically portrayed by a map showing the chloride concentration of the ground water in various parts of the City. Insofar as available data permit, the chemical quality of the ground water is discussed and records are given of the ground-water temperatures in various parts of the City.


There has been marked lowering of the water table in the eastern part of the area, accompanied by salt water intrusion, indicating that the safe yield of the formations in this part of Newark has probably been exceeded. It is recommended that the study of the ground-water resources of this area be continued, and that artificial recharging of the aquifers be increased over as wide an area as possible.

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
State/Local Government Series
Title:
Preliminary report on the geology and ground-water supply of the Newark, New Jersey, area
Series title:
Special Report (New Jersey Division of Water Policy and Supply)
Series number:
10
Year Published:
1951
Language:
English
Publisher:
New Jersey Deptartment of Conservation and Economic Development, Division of Water Policy and Supply
Description:
52 p.
Number of Pages:
53
Country:
United States
State:
New Jersey
City:
Newark
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N