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Guadalupian studies in West Texas

Smithsonian Contributions to Earth Sciences

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Abstract

Murchison established the Permian System in the Ural Mountains of Russia in 1841. The first North American Permian fossils were discovered by Hall (1856) about 15 years later. The fossils, which were collected in New York State, were initially described as Carboniferous (Hall, 1856) but were subsequently recognized as Permian by Girty (1902). Benjamin F. Shumard (1858), however, was the first to place an unequivocal Permian designation on some North American fossils, which has been collected by his brother George G. Shumard from the Guadalupe Mountains in Texas. A half a century passed before Girty (1908) made known an extensive Guadalupian fauna, although his field work in Texas and his study of this fauna already lead him to propose a Guadalupian "period" (Girty, 1902). Girty's suggestion was accepted only when it was formalized as the Guadalupe Series by Adams et al. (1939). The "Guadalupian fauna" was based upon fossils that Girty collected in 1901 on an expedition headed by Robert T. Hill, a revered figure in Texas geology.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Guadalupian studies in West Texas
Series title:
Smithsonian Contributions to Earth Sciences
Volume
32
Year Published:
2000
Language:
English
Publisher:
Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
Description:
4 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Smithsonian Contributions to Earth Sciences
First page:
1
Last page:
4
Number of Pages:
4