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How mangrove forests adjust to rising sea level

New Phytologist

By:
, , , , , ,
DOI: 10.1111/nph.12605

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Abstract

Mangroves are among the most well described and widely studied wetland communities in the world. The greatest threats to mangrove persistence are deforestation and other anthropogenic disturbances that can compromise habitat stability and resilience to sea-level rise. To persist, mangrove ecosystems must adjust to rising sea level by building vertically or become submerged. Mangroves may directly or indirectly influence soil accretion processes through the production and accumulation of organic matter, as well as the trapping and retention of mineral sediment. In this review, we provide a general overview of research on mangrove elevation dynamics, emphasizing the role of the vegetation in maintaining soil surface elevations (i.e. position of the soil surface in the vertical plane). We summarize the primary ways in which mangroves may influence sediment accretion and vertical land development, for example, through root contributions to soil volume and upward expansion of the soil surface. We also examine how hydrological, geomorphological and climatic processes may interact with plant processes to influence mangrove capacity to keep pace with rising sea level. We draw on a variety of studies to describe the important, and often under-appreciated, role that plants play in shaping the trajectory of an ecosystem undergoing change.

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
How mangrove forests adjust to rising sea level
Series title:
New Phytologist
DOI:
10.1111/nph.12605
Volume
202
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2014
Language:
English
Publisher:
Wiley
Contributing office(s):
National Wetlands Research Center
Description:
16 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
19
Last page:
34
Number of Pages:
16