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Chemometric differentiation of crude oil families in the San Joaquin Basin, California

AAPG Bulletin

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DOI: 10.1306/05231212018

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Abstract

Chemometric analyses of geochemical data for 165 crude oil samples from the San Joaquin Basin identify genetically distinct oil families and their inferred source rocks and provide insight into migration pathways, reservoir compartments, and filling histories. In the first part of the study, 17 source-related biomarker and stable carbon-isotope ratios were evaluated using a chemometric decision tree (CDT) to identify families. In the second part, ascendant hierarchical clustering was applied to terpane mass chromatograms for the samples to compare with the CDT results. The results from the two methods are remarkably similar despite differing data input and assumptions. Recognized source rocks for the oil families include the (1) Eocene Kreyenhagen Formation, (2) Eocene Tumey Formation, (3–4) upper and lower parts of the Miocene Monterey Formation (Buttonwillow depocenter), and (5–6) upper and lower parts of the Miocene Monterey Formation (Tejon depocenter).


Ascendant hierarchical clustering identifies 22 oil families in the basin as corroborated by independent data, such as carbon-isotope ratios, sample location, reservoir unit, and thermal maturity maps from a three-dimensional basin and petroleum system model. Five families originated from the Eocene Kreyenhagen Formation source rock, and three families came from the overlying Eocene Tumey Formation. Fourteen families migrated from the upper and lower parts of the Miocene Monterey Formation source rocks within the Buttonwillow and Tejon depocenters north and south of the Bakersfield arch. The Eocene and Miocene families show little cross-stratigraphic migration because of seals within and between the source rocks. The data do not exclude the possibility that some families described as originating from the Monterey Formation actually came from source rock in the Temblor Formation.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Chemometric differentiation of crude oil families in the San Joaquin Basin, California
Series title:
AAPG Bulletin
DOI:
10.1306/05231212018
Volume
97
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2013
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Publisher location:
Tulsa, OK
Description:
41 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
AAPG Bulletin
First page:
103
Last page:
143
Number of Pages:
41