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Polar bears are long-lived, late-maturing carnivores that have relatively low rates of reproduction and natural mortality. Their populations are susceptible to disturbance from human activities, such as the exploration and development of mineral resources or hunting. Polar bear populations have been an important renewable resource available to coastal communities throughout the Arctic for thousands of years.
Additional Publication Details
Selected marine mammals of Alaska: Species accounts with research and management recommendations, U. S. Marine Mammal Commission, Washington, D. C