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Map showing the Elko crater field, Elko County, Nevada

Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 1168

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Abstract

The Elko crater field consists of two arrays of rimmed craters in the valleys of Dorsey, Susie, and McClellan Creeks, 30 to 50 km north of Elko, Nevada. In the principal array, more the 165 craters are scattered irregularly in an area 3 km wide and 20 km long. Most of the the craters are circular but some, formed by overlap, are oval or irregular. They range from 5 m to 250 m in diameter and the relief of the largest ones, from the sedimentary floor of the cater to the top of the rim, is at least 6 m. The surficial material of the rims is principally gravel similar to that in the surrounding terrane. The surficial material inside the craters is primarily silt, probably blown in by the wind, and pebbles, apparently washed in from the rims. There is also a later of volcanic ash at a depth of about 2 m. This ash was identified by its physical and mineralogical composition as the Mazama ash (R. E. Wilcox, oral commun., 1976), a ±6600 year old ash bed also present in the alluvium of Dorsey and Susie Creeks. The craters are presently interpreted as having been formed by a meteor shower although no meteor material has been discovered. Investigation is continuing.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Map showing the Elko crater field, Elko County, Nevada
Series title:
Miscellaneous Field Studies Map
Series number:
1168
Year Published:
1980
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Description:
Map: 18.88 x 27.03 inches
Country:
United States
State:
Nevada
County:
Elko County
Other Geospatial:
Elko Crater Field
Scale:
48000