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This data set maps and describes the geology of the Los Angeles 30? x 60? quadrangle, southern California. Compilation of the Los Angeles quadrangle is based upon published mapping at scales of 1:12,000 and smaller, unpublished mapping at scales of 1:12,000 and smaller, with reconnaissance mapping by the compilers to resolve some edge-matching problems.
The Los Angeles 30? x 60? quadrangle covers approximately 5,000 km2 including some of the most densely populated urban and suburban areas of the southern California megalopolis. It extends about 90 km E-W and about 55 km N-S, from Fillmore and Thousand Oaks in the west to Vincent in the northeast and Montebello in the southeast, and includes urban San Gabriel Valley and San Gabriel Mountain foothill communities from Monrovia to Pasadena, as well as Glendale, downtown Los Angeles, Hollywood, Santa Monica, Malibu, in addition to all the communities in the San Fernando Valley, Simi Valley, and the upper Santa Clara River Valley. From the 2000 Census, the population of these urban and suburban areas totals approximately 5.6 million, and estimates of property value total hundreds of billions of dollars. Residents and transient visitors are subject to potential hazards from earthquakes, debris flows and other landslides, floods, wildfires, subsidence from ground water and petroleum withdrawal, and swelling soils; and coastal areas are exposed to flooding and erosion by storm and tsunami waves.
Topographic relief ranges from about one hundred meters sub sea (in Santa Monica Bay) to more than 2,000 meters above sea level at Pacifico Mountain in the high San Gabriel Mountains. In addition to the populated area, the quadrangle includes significant areas of wilderness in the Angeles and Los Padres National Forests, in the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, and the Sespe Condor Sanctuary. The geologic map illustrates the general distribution of the rocks and surficial deposits in the area and their structural and stratigraphic relations to one another. The principal characteristics of the map units are described and are part of the database. The map provides a regional geologic framework as an aid to better evaluations of the potential for hazard from active earth processes. It synthesizes and combines studies by many earth scientists. Most of the source maps are at more detailed scales than 1:100,000, and we utilized the most detailed source materials available. We have not attempted to resolve all problems of stratigraphic correlation and nomenclature. In most areas we have retained the unit designations of source-map authors, but in some areas, particularly in the igneous-metamorphic complex of the San Gabriel Mountains, some unit designations have been changed. Hopefully, this map will stimulate further work to describe and correlate the many units within the scope of a more coherent, more accurate geologic history.
Additional Publication Details
USGS Numbered Series
Preliminary geologic map of the Los Angeles 30' x 60' quadrangle, Southern California
1 sheet (44 in. by 36 in.); GIS files and metadata