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Insight into the geology of the East Antarctic hinterland: a study of sediment inclusions from ice cores of the Lake Vostok borehole

Open-File Report 2007-1047-SRP-014

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.3133/ofr20071047SRP014

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Abstract

The borehole at the southern part of subglacial Lake Vostok has been drilled into an ice layer that has been refrozen from the lake water. This ice layer contains random sediment inclusions, eight of which have been studied using state-of the-art analytical techniques. Six inclusions comprise soft aggregates consisting mainly of clay-mica minerals and micron-sized quartz grains while two others are solid clasts of fine-grained cemented rocks. The largest rock clast consists of poorly-rounded quartz and minor amounts of accessory minerals and is classified as quartzose siltstone. More than twenty grains of zircon and monazite have been identified in this siltstone and dated by SIMS SHRIMP-II. Two age clusters have been recognized for these detrital grains, in the ranges 0.8−1.2 Ga and 1.6−1.8 Ga. The compositions of the rock clasts suggest that the bedrock situated to the west of Lake Vostok is sedimentary. The age data on the detrital accessory minerals suggest that the provenance of these sedimentary rocks − the Gamburtsev Mountains and Vostok Subglacial Highlands, is mainly represented by Paleoproterozoic and MesoproterozoicNeoproterozoic crustal provinces

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Insight into the geology of the East Antarctic hinterland: a study of sediment inclusions from ice cores of the Lake Vostok borehole
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
2007-1047-SRP-014
DOI:
10.3133/ofr20071047SRP014
Year Published:
2007
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Description:
4 p.
Larger Work Type:
Report
Larger Work Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title:
Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World--Online Proceedings for the Tenth International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences. Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A.--August 26 to September 1, 2007
Other Geospatial:
Antarctica
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N