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Extensive debris flow deposits on the eastern Wilkes Land margin: a key to changing glacial regimes

Open-File Report 2007-1047-SRP-026

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.3133/ofr20071047SRP026

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Abstract

Glacial sequences deposited on the base-of-slope and upper continental rise off the eastern Wilkes Land margin show that depositional systems vary with time. During the early Oligocene to middle-late Miocene times glacial sequences are dominated by extensive glacigenic debris flow deposits (GDFs) that have lens or wedge shaped external geometries and internal chaotic seismic facies. Minimum runout distances are between 15 and 50 km with lateral extent between 5 and 13 km. Thicknesses vary between 170 and 380 m. We suggest that large volumes of melt-water production by a dynamic East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) define this glacial regime, which led to high sediment discharge onto the continental shelf and caused extensive sediment failures on the continental slope and rise. In contrast, during the Late Miocene-Pliocene transition there was an evolution to a more persistent cold-based EAIS characterized by decrease rates of glacial erosion and decrease production of melt-water resulting in mixed turbidite and debris flow deposition.

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Extensive debris flow deposits on the eastern Wilkes Land margin: a key to changing glacial regimes
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
2007-1047-SRP-026
DOI:
10.3133/ofr20071047SRP026
Year Published:
2007
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Description:
4 p.
Larger Work Type:
Report
Larger Work Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title:
Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World--Online Proceedings for the Tenth International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences. Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A.--August 26 to September 1, 2007
Other Geospatial:
Antarctica
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N