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A preliminary deposit model for lithium brines

Open-File Report 2013-1006

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Abstract

This report is part of an effort by the U.S. Geological Survey to update existing mineral deposit models and to develop new ones. The global transition away from hydrocarbons toward energy alternatives increases demand for many scarce metals. Among these is lithium, a key component of lithium-ion batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles. Lithium brine deposits account for about three-fourths of the world’s lithium production. Updating an earlier deposit model, we emphasize geologic information that might directly or indirectly help in exploration for lithium brine deposits, or for assessing regions for mineral resource potential. Special attention is given to the best-known deposit in the world—Clayton Valley, Nevada, and to the giant Salar de Atacama, Chile.

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
A preliminary deposit model for lithium brines
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
2013-1006
Year Published:
2013
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Central Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center
Description:
iii, 6 p.
Country:
Bolivia;Chile;Tibet;United States
State:
California;Nevada
Other Geospatial:
Clayton Valley;Dead Sea;Great Salt Lake;Salar De Atacama;Salar De Uyuni;Salton Sea;Searles Lake;Taijanier Lake;Zhabuye Lake
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N