This report is part of an effort by the U.S. Geological Survey to update existing mineral deposit models and to develop new ones. The global transition away from hydrocarbons toward energy alternatives increases demand for many scarce metals. Among these is lithium, a key component of lithium-ion batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles. Lithium brine deposits account for about three-fourths of the world’s lithium production. Updating an earlier deposit model, we emphasize geologic information that might directly or indirectly help in exploration for lithium brine deposits, or for assessing regions for mineral resource potential. Special attention is given to the best-known deposit in the world—Clayton Valley, Nevada, and to the giant Salar de Atacama, Chile.
Additional publication details
USGS Numbered Series
A preliminary deposit model for lithium brines
U.S. Geological Survey
Central Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center
iii, 6 p.
Clayton Valley;Dead Sea;Great Salt Lake;Salar De Atacama;Salar De Uyuni;Salton Sea;Searles Lake;Taijanier Lake;Zhabuye Lake