The area under study lies about ten miles east of Juneau, Alaska, and includes the bedded rocks adjacent to the Coast Range batholith, and intrusive rocks related to the batholith.
Deep glaciated valleys and glacially scoured rocks are the major topographic features. The relief is about 3,500 feet, and the highest mountain reaches an altitude of 4,453 feet. Remnants of larger glaciers and perennial snow fields cover many of the higher summits, and glacial erratics at elevations above 3,100 feet attest to a former thick ice cover.
The bedded rocks are crystalline schists that locally reach katozonal metamorphic rank as indicated by biotite-garnet-kyanite-sillimanite mineral assemblages. The schists are believed to be dominantly a product of regional metamorphism predating the intrusion of rocks related to the Coast Range batholith. It appears, however, that stresses continued to be active during igneous and granitizing activity accompanying the Coast Range orogeny.
The major intrusive bodies are a composite quartz-dioritic batholith and quartz-diorite sills that locally reach a thickness of more than two thousand feet. The sills usually are notably gneissic, and appear to have formed by intrusion rather than replacement. The batholith is a composite body formed by migmatization, replacement, and local fusion. A stressed environment during formation is suggested by a primary gneissic structure. A high quartz content and a paucity of potash feldspars is diagnostic of the intrusive bodies. In addition to the bodies of quartz-diorite, small sills and dikes of gabbro, quartz-pegmatite, and unmetamorphosed diabase intrude the schists.
Overturned folds in the schists are nearly isoclinal, and some of the folds are large enough to cause repetition of beds in the Clark Peak schists.
Two persistent northwest-trending strike faults of small displacement cut the schists. Two east-trending faults of larger displacement are marked by thick gouge zones locally containing graphite. The rocks near the faults are hydrothermally altered and pyritized, and at least two of the diabase dikes are crushed and hydrothermally altered near one of the northwest-trending faults. Faulting and hydrothermal activity probably continued at least into the early Tertiary.
Additional Publication Details
USGS Numbered Series
Geology of the Olds Mountain-Clark Peak area, Juneau and vicinity, Alaska