Two basins containing sedimentary rocks o# probable Cretaceous age have been recognized near the coast of Liberia in the area between Monrovia and Buchanan; geophysical evidence suggests that similar though larger basins exist on the adjacent continental shelf.
The oldest sedimentary unit recognized, the Paynesville Sandstone of possible early to middle Paleozoic age, is intruded by dikes and sills of diabase of early Jurassic age and lies unconformably on crystalline rocks of late Precambrian age. Dips in the Paynesville Sandstone define a structural basin centered south of Roberts International Airport (formerly called Roberts Field) about 25 miles east of Monrovla. Wackes and conglomerates of Cretaceous age, herein named the Farmington River Formation, unconformably overlie the Paynesville Sandstone and constitute the sedimentary fill in the Roberts basin.
The Bassa basin lies to the southeast of the Roberts basin and is separated from it by an upwarp of crystalline rocks. The basin is occupied by wackes and conglomerates of the Farmington River Formation, which apparently lie directly on the crystalline basement. Both basins are bounded on the northeast by northwest-trending dip-slip faults.
The best potential for petroleum deposits that exists in Liberia is beneath the adjacent continental shelf and slope. Geophysical exploration and drilling will be required to evaluate this potential.