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Low flows and temperatures of streams in the Seattle-Tacoma urban complex and adjacent areas, Washington

Open-File Report 72-164

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Abstract

Data on the minimum flows of streams and water temperature are necessary for the proper planning and development of the water resources of urban Seattle-Tacoma and adjacent areas. The data on low flows are needed for such purposes as (1) designing and operating municipal and industrial water-supply systems; (2) classifying streams as to their potential for waste disposal; (3) defining the amount of water available for irrigation, for maintaining streamflow as required by law or agreement, and for fish propagation; and (4) designing water-storage facilities. Data on stream temperatures are important to many water users because of the many biological, chemical, and physical properties of water that are dependent on temperature. Agricultural and domestic users as well as municipal, industrial and fishery agencies are concerned with water temperatures. In this report, low-flow data are accompanied by information on seasonal variations in water temperatures at sites selected as representing regional stream-temperature patterns. Because low flows and high water temperatures commonly occur together, they may impose constraints on various uses of the region's streams. The following discussion deals first with low-flow trends in the region, then with stream temperatures, and finally with some of the resulting constraints.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Low flows and temperatures of streams in the Seattle-Tacoma urban complex and adjacent areas, Washington
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
72-164
Year Published:
1972
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Tacoma, WA
Description:
11 p.; 1 Plate: 58 x 77 cm.
Country:
United States
State:
Washington
City:
Seattle;Tacoma
Other Geospatial:
Cedar River;Deschutes River;Flett Creek;Green River;Nisqually River;North Creek;Puyallup River;Quilceda Creek;Sammamish River;Skykomish River;Snoqualmie River;Sultan River;Taylor Creek;White River
Scale:
250000