Supplemental water supplies are available at all the 12 fish-propagation stations. At seven of the stations water may be obtained by diverting or impounding streams. Ground water is available from glacial sand-and-gravel aquifers at all the stations and from sandstone aquifers at 7 of the 12 stations. Probable well yields range from 100 to 1,000 gallons per minute from the sand and gravel and from 50 to 1,000 gallons per minute from the sandstone.
The response of pumping 1,600 gallons per minute from a ground-water source at Crystal Springs, Langlade, Nevin, and Osceola was estimated by a digital model. Estimated drawdown after 10 years of pumping ranged from 10 to 28 feet (6 to 35 percent of the saturated thickness of the aquifers).
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USGS Numbered Series
Availability of Supplemental Water Supplies at Salmonid Fish-Propagation Stations in Wisconsin