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Ground-water monitoring at Santa Barbara, California: Phase 1, coastal monitor-well installation and initial measurements

Open-File Report 79-923

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Abstract

Plans to reduce natural ground-water storage in the 7-square-mile Santa Barbara groundwater basin have caused concern about possible saltwater intrusion into the coastal freshwater aquifer. To give advance warning of such intrusion, two multipiezometer wells were installed along the coast, about half a mile and 1 mile from the pumping center. Each site contains four small-diameter wells, completed at depths between 95 and 800 feet, which monitor water levels and water quality in (1) the shallow zone above the producing zones, (2) the upper producing zone, (3) the lower producing zone, and (4) the deep zone below the producing zones. The wells were measured and sampled initially in September 1978 during a 2-million gallons per day pumping phase of the municipal supply wells. In the eight samples collected, dissolved-solids concentrations ranged from 450 to 6,290 mg/L and chloride concentrations ranged from 35 to 2,800 mg/L. At the site farther from the center of pumping , the well monitoring the upper producing zone was the only one with a water level below sea level, and it produced the water of poorest quality. At the site nearer the center of pumping, water levels in both producing zones and the deep zone were between 2 and 18 feet below sea level, with the water of poorest quality occurring in the lower producing zone. Although the dissolved-solids concentrations are high in several zones, the potential for saltwater intrusion can be reliably evaluated only after analysis of long-term records. (Woodard-USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Ground-water monitoring at Santa Barbara, California: Phase 1, coastal monitor-well installation and initial measurements
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
79-923
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1979
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
iv, 36 p. :ill., map ;27 cm.