thumbnail

Aquifer recharge from the 1969 and 1978 floods in the Mojave River basin, California

Open-File Report 80-207

By:
,

Links

  • The Publications Warehouse does not have links to digital versions of this publication at this time

Abstract

The Mojave River basin, a high desert area in southwestern San Bernardino County, Calif., received 2.3 times the normal annual precipitation during the 1969 and 1978 water years. Precipitation in the mountainous upper part of the watershed is the primary source of flow in the Mojave River. The resulting floods had an instantaneous peak discharge of 18,000 cubic feet per second in 1969, about 100 miles downstream, representing the maximum flood-recurrence interval in the basin of 30 years. The instantaneous peak measured during the 1978 floods at Deep Creek represented the maximum flood-recurrence interval in the basin of 20 years. A comparison of the hydrologic data for the 1969 and 1978 flood periods indicates that although more precipitation occurred in 1969, more recharge occurred in 1978. The factors that caused the greater recharge were: (1) The more evenly distributed precipitation from December 1977 to April 1978, allowing for more uniform surface-water runoff in the Mojave River; (2) the dams constructed in the upper basin after 1969 which regulated floodflow peaks and allowed more water to stay in the basin; and (3) the lower water level in the aquifer in 1978, which made more space available to store the recharge water. Total recharge resulting from the floods is estimated to have been 245,000 acre-feet in the 1969 water year and 282,000 acre-feet in 1978. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Aquifer recharge from the 1969 and 1978 floods in the Mojave River basin, California
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
80-207
Edition:
WRI/OFR
Year Published:
1980
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
iii, 30 p. ill., maps (1 fold. in pocket) ;27 cm.