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Water-supply assessment of the Laramie-Fox Hills aquifer in parts of Adams, Boulder, Jefferson, and Weld counties, Colorado

Open-File Report 80-327

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Abstract

Groundwater in the Laramie-Fox Hills aquifer is a potential source of supplemental municipal water supplies for the communities of Erie, Lafayette, Louisville, and Superior in Colorado. The present water supplies for these communities are not always adequate to meet current demands. The U.S. Geological Survey made a water-supply assessment of the Laramie-Fox Hills aquifer for the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, which is investigating and evaluating alternative sources of water for the communities. Recharge to the aquifer is mostly in the western and southwestern parts of the study area. Groundwater movement is generally from the southwest to northeast. Groundwater discharge in the study area is primarily by pumping wells. Since 1961, this pumping has caused water-level declines of about 250 to 300 feet from Broomfield to east of Erie, Colorado. Generally, water levels in other parts of the area have remained the same. The aggregate sand thickness determined from well logs ranges from 42 to 360 feet and the mean thickness is 229 feet. The volume of groundwater in storage in the study area is about 5 million acre-feet. Reported yields from 93 wells ranged from 1 to 90 gallons per minute and averaged 22 gallons per minute. Well yields tended to be larger in the areas where aggregate sand thickness is the greatest. The water generally changes from a sodium calcium bicarbonate type to a sodium calcium sulfate type as it moves through the aquifer away from the recharge areas. The maximum limit established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for nitrite plus nitrate in public-water supplies was exceeded in water from three wells, the maximum limit for fluoride was exceeded in water from two wells, and the maximum limit for selenium was exceeded in water from three wells. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Water-supply assessment of the Laramie-Fox Hills aquifer in parts of Adams, Boulder, Jefferson, and Weld counties, Colorado
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
80-327
Edition:
WRI/OFR
Year Published:
1980
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey ; Books and Open-File Reports Section [distributor],
Description:
iv, 21 p. ill., maps ;28 cm.