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Preliminary bathymetry of Aialik Bay and Neoglacial changes of Aialik and Pederson glaciers, Alaska

Open-File Report 80-423

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Abstract

Preliminary bathymetry (at 1:20,000 scale) and scientific studies of Aialik Bay, Alaska, by the Research Vessel Growler in 1978 disclose that the head of the bay consists of a deep basin enclosed by a terminal-moraine shoal. A much smaller basin, into which Aialik Glacier discharges icebergs, is located west of two islands and a submarine ridge. Comparison of 1978 soundings with U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (now National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) data obtained in 1912 shows shoaling of about 64 feet in the deepest part of the small basin nearest the glacier and of about 40 feet in the large basin. The time of retreat of Aialik Glacier from the moraine bar is unknown; a faint ' trimline ' is still visible in the forest on the east side of the fiord, and a carbon-14 date suggests the retreat could have taken place as recently as 1800. The time of Aialik Glcier 's neoglacial advance to the moraine is unknown. Pederson Glacier, which terminates in part in a tidal lagoon or lake, has retreated about 0.90 mile from a moraine judged by Grant and Higgins to have been in contact with the ice about 1896. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Preliminary bathymetry of Aialik Bay and Neoglacial changes of Aialik and Pederson glaciers, Alaska
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
80-423
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1980
Language:
ENGLISH
Description:
2 maps ;62 x 57 cm. on sheet 92 x 140 cm.