Bulk density and magnetic susceptibility of 11 outcrop samples representing the Proterozoic lithologic units at the Baid al Jimalah West tungsten deposit, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were measured. Induced polarization response, apparent resistivity, and electromagnetic conductivity were determined for four specimens of the sample suite.
Measurements show that there is a negative density contrast of about -0.17 g-cm^-3 between metasedimentary rocks of the Murdama group and the Bald al Jimalah graaite and that this contrast decreases with increasing mineralization of the granite. Similarly, the bulk magnetic susceptibility of the granite is about one-third that of the Murdama rocks for this sample suite; however, magnetic susceptibility increases with increasing mineralization in the granite specimens.
Electromagnetic conductivities are uniformly low, in part because the specimens are weathered, but probably also because intense silicification accompanies the mineralization.
Induced polarization chargeability increases in the granitic specimens with increasing mineralization and reflects higher percentages of sulfide minerals. Chargeability for the mineralized rocks is about four times higher than for the Murdama host rocks, and apparent resistivity values are about one-fifth the values of host rocks.
Based on these results, it is recommended that during reconnaissance exploration of the area 15 detailed high-precision gravity profiles at 10 m to 50 m station spacing and eight induced polarization dipole-dipole profiles at 25 m dipole spacing and maximum 'n' of 6 be measured. To help define subsurface structure, a high-precision, ground-magnetic survey (map at 2-gamma contour interval) and a four-channel gamma ray spectrometric survey on a 25x50 m grid covering the area of the profiles are recommended.
Additional Publication Details
USGS Numbered Series
Selected physical properties of rocks from the Baid al Jimalah West tungsten deposit, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and recommendations for geophysical surveys