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Application of seismic-refraction techniques to hydrologic studies

Open-File Report 84-746

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Abstract

Seismic-refraction methods have been extensively used in petroleum, mineral, and engineering investigations and to some extent, for hydrologic applications during the past 30 years. Recent advances in equipment, sound sources, and computer-interpretation techniques make seismic-refraction methods a highly effective and economical means of obtaining subsurface data in hydrologic studies. Aquifers that can be defined by one or more high seismic-velocity surfaces, such as alluvial or glacial deposits in consolidated rock valleys, limestone or sandstone underlain by metamorphic or igneous rock, or saturated unconsolidated deposits overlain by unsaturated unconsolidated deposits, are ideally suited for applying seismic-refraction methods. These methods allow the economical collection of subsurface data and provide the basis for more efficient collection of subsurface data by test drilling or aquifer tests and results in improved hydrologic studies. This manual briefly reviews the basics of seismic refraction theory and principles. It emphasizes the use of this technique in hydrologic investigations and describes the planning, equipment, field procedures, and interpretation techniques needed for this type of study. Examples of the use of seismic refraction techniques in a wide variety of hydrologic studies are presented. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Application of seismic-refraction techniques to hydrologic studies
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
84-746
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1986
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
x, 144 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.