thumbnail

Water-use data by category, county, and water management district in Florida, 1950-90

Open-File Report 94-521

By:

Links

Abstract

The population for Florida in 1990 was estimated at 12.94 million, an increase of nearly 10.17 million (370 percent) from the population of 2.77 million in 1950. Consequently, water use (fresh and saline) in Florida increased nearly 510 percent (15,175 million gallons per day) between 1950 and 1990. The resident population of the State is projected to surpass 20 million by the year 2020. Through the cooperation of the Florida Department of Environ- mental Protection and the U.S. Geologial Survey, water-use data for the period between 1950 and 1990 has been consolidated into one publication. This report aggregates and summarizes the quantities of water withdrawn annually for all water-use categories (public supply, self-supplied domestic, self-supplied commercial-industrial, agriculture, and thermoelectric power generation), by counties, and water management districts in Florida from 1950 through 1990. Total water withdrawn in Florida increased from 2,923 million gallons per day in 1950 to 17,898 million gallons per day in 1990. Surface- water withdrawals during 1950 totaled 2,333 million gallons per day but were not differentiated between fresh and saline, therefore, comparisons between fresh and saline water were made beginning with 1955 data. Freshwater withdrawals increased 245 percent between 1955 and 1990. Saline water withdrawals increased more than 1,500 percent between 1955 and 1990. In 1955, more than 47 percent of the fresh- water used was withdrawn from ground-water sources and 53 percent was withdrawn from surface-water sources. In 1990, nearly 62 percent of the fresh- water withdrawn was from ground-water sources, while 38 percent was withdrawn from surface-water sources. The steady increase in ground-water withdrawals since the 1950's primarily is a result of the ability to drill and pump water more economically from large, deep wells and the reliability of both the quality and quantity of water from these wells. Water withdrawn for public supply in Florida increased 1,030 percent between 1950 and 1990. The population served by public supply increased from 1.66 million in 1950 to 11.23 million in 1990, and the percentage of the population served by public supply increased from 60 percent in 1950 to nearly 88 percent in 1990. Freshwater withdrawn for self- supplied domestic use in Florida increased 1,010 percent, self-supplied commercial-industrial uses increased 170 percent, and agriculture increased 915 percent between 1950 and 1990. Freshwater with- drawals for thermoelectric power generation decreased 8 percent between 1955 and 1990, while saline water withdrawals increased nearly 1,540 percent between 1955 and 1990. Between 1965 and 1990, total freshwater withdrawals increased in 58 of the 67 counties in Florida. Fresh ground-water was withdrawn in all 67 counties in 1965 through 1990, and increased in 65 counties between 1965 and 1990. Fresh surface-water was withdrawn in 60 counties from 1965 to 1990, and increased in 42 counties between 1965 and 1990. The change in total freshwater withdrawals within the water management districts between 1975 and 1990 were as follows: Northwest Florida Water Management District increased 3 percent, St. Johns River Water Management District decreased 6 percent, South Florida Water Management District increased 37 percent, Southwest Florida Water Management District decreased 1 percent, and Suwannee River Water Management District increased 8 percent.(USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Water-use data by category, county, and water management district in Florida, 1950-90
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
94-521
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1995
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey ; Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor],
Description:
x, 114 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.