Level II scour analysis for Bridge 32 (BRIDTH00050032) on Town Highway 005, crossing North Branch Ottauquechee River, Bridgewater, Vermont

Open-File Report 96-152

Prepared in cooperation with Vermont Agency of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration



This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure BRIDTH00050032 on town highway 5 crossing the North Branch Ottauquechee River, Bridgewater, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1993). A Level I study is included in Appendix E of this report. A Level I study provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge, available from VTAOT files, was compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and can be found in Appendix D. The site is in the Green Mountain physiographic province of central Vermont. The 4.37-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the US left bank is lawn; DS left bank is pasture; US right bank is shrub and brushland and the DS right bank is forested. In the study area, the North Branch Ottauquechee River has an incised channel with a slope of approximately 0.0148 ft/ft, an average channel top width of 25 ft and an average channel depth of 9 ft. The predominant channel bed materials are gravel and cobbles (D50 is 79.6 mm or 0.261 ft). The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on November 4, 1994, indicated that the reach was stable. The town highway 5 crossing of the North Branch Ottauquechee Riveris a 27-ft-long, onelane bridge consisting of one 25-foot steel-beam span with a timber deck (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written commun., August 25, 1994). The bridge is supported by vertical, concrete abutments with wingwalls. The DS left road approach is protected by type-1 stone fill (less than 12 inches). The DS right road approach is not protected and is eroded slightly by road wash. The US left bank is protected by type-2 stone fill (less than 36 inches). A stream confluence is located approximately 130 US of the bridge. The channel is skewed approximately 30 degrees to the opening. Additional details describing conditions at the site are included in the Level II Summary and Appendices D and E. Scour depths and rock rip-rap sizes were computed using the general guidelines described in Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 (Richardson and others, 1993). Scour depths were calculated assuming an infinite depth of erosive material and a homogeneous particle-size distribution. The scour analysis results are presented in tables 1 and 2 and a graph of the scour depths is presented in figure 8.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Level II scour analysis for Bridge 32 (BRIDTH00050032) on Town Highway 005, crossing North Branch Ottauquechee River, Bridgewater, Vermont
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
Year Published:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Pembroke, NH
iv, 28 p.
United States
Other Geospatial:
Ottauquechee River