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Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, at Whittier, Alaska: Chapter B in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities

Professional Paper 542-B

This report is Chapter B in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities. For more information, see: Professional Paper 542.
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Abstract

Whittier, Alaska, lying at the western end of Passage Canal, is an ocean terminal of The Alaska Railroad. The earthquake that shook south-central Alaska at 5:36 p.m. (Alaska Standard Time) on March 27, 1964, took the lives of 13 persons and caused more than $5 million worth of damage to Government and private property at Whittier.


Seismic motion lasted only 2½-3 minutes, but when it stopped the Whittier waterfront was in shambles land the port facilities were inoperable. Damage was caused by (1) a 5.3-foot subsidence of the landmass, sufficient to put some of the developed land under water during high tides, (2) seismic shock, (3) fracturing of fill and unconsolidated sediments, (4) compaction of fill and unconsolidated deposits, (5) submarine landslides which generated waves that destroyed part of The Alaska Railroad roadbed and other property, (6) at least two, but probably three, waves generated by landslides, which completely wrecked the buildings of two lumber companies, the stub pier, the small-boat harbor, the car-barge slip dock, and several homes, and (7) fire that destroyed the fuel-storage tanks at the Whittier waterfront.


Many buildings and other facilities were totally wrecked, others were damaged to lesser degrees. For example, the 14-story reinforced concrete Hodge Building, which rests upon at least 44 feet of sandy gravel, was moderately damaged by seismic shock, but the six-story reinforced-concrete Buckner Building, which rests upon bedrock, was only slightly damaged.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, at Whittier, Alaska: Chapter B in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities
Series title:
Professional Paper
Series number:
542
Chapter:
B
Year Published:
1965
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Government Printing Office
Publisher location:
Washington, DC
Contributing office(s):
Menlo ParkCalif. Office-Earthquake Science Center
Description:
Report: vi, 21 p.; 3 Plates: 40 x 20.5 inches or smaller
Larger Work Type:
Report
Larger Work Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title:
The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities (Professional Paper 542)
Country:
United States
State:
Alaska
City:
Whittier
Datum:
Preearthquake Mean Sea Level
Scale:
4800
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
Y