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Surficial geologic map of the Cuddeback Lake 30' x 60' quadrangle, San Bernardino and Kern counties, California

Scientific Investigations Map 3107

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Abstract

The 1:100,000-scale Cuddeback Lake quadrangle is located in the western Mojave Desert north-northeast of Los Angeles, between the southern Sierra Nevada and San Bernardino Mountains, in Kern and San Bernardino Counties, California. Geomorphic features include high-relief mountains, small hills, volcanic domes, pediments, broad alluvial valleys, and dry lakes. It is one in a series of surficial geologic maps created to investigate landscape development and tectonic evolution of the northern Mojave Desert. The mapped area includes pre-Tertiary plutonic, metavolcanic, metasedimentary, and igneous rocks; Tertiary sedimentary and volcanic rocks; and Quaternary sediments and basalts. The map area includes the El Paso, Lockhart, Blackwater, and Muroc Faults, as well as the central segment of the Garlock Fault Zone. The tectonically active western Mojave Desert and the variety of surficial materials have resulted in distinctive geomorphic features and terrains. Geologic mapping shows that active faults are widespread and have diverted drainage patterns. The tectonically active area near the Garlock Fault Zone and the nearby El Paso Fault influenced development of drainage networks; base level is controlled by fault offset. Evidence of a late Tertiary drainage network is preserved in remnants of alluvial fans and paleodrainage deposits north of the El Paso Mountains, west of the Lava Mountains, and south and west of the Rand Mountains. Holocene fault activity for the Cantil Valley, Lockhart, Garlock, and Rand Mountain Faults is indicated by displaced stream channels, playa-filled depressions, scarps, and shutter ridges. Previously unmapped Holocene and Late Pleistocene fault strands identified near the Rand Mountains may represent a splay at the northwest termination of the Lockhart Fault. The Grass Valley Fault, northwest of Black Mountain, is a right-lateral, strike-slip fault that may be a splay of the Blackwater Fault. Holocene activity on the Grass Valley Fault is indicated by one displaced early Holocene stream terrace. Mapped faults in Fremont Valley are tentatively identified as surficial expressions of the buried Cantil Valley Fault.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Surficial geologic map of the Cuddeback Lake 30' x 60' quadrangle, San Bernardino and Kern counties, California
Series title:
Scientific Investigations Map
Series number:
3107
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Geology, Minerals, Energy and Geophysics Science Center
Description:
Pamphlet: iv, 31 p.; 1 Plate; Plate 1: 56 inches x 30 inches; Readme Data Download; Metadata Download; GIS Database Download
Country:
United States
State:
California
County:
Kern;San Bernardino
Other Geospatial:
Cuddeback Lake;Mojave Desert;Sierra Nevada Mountains;San Bernardino Mountains
Datum:
National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929
Scale:
100000
Online Only (Y/N):
Y