Total dissolved gas and water temperature in the lower Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2002 : quality-assurance data and comparison to water-quality standards
Water-Resources Investigations Report 2002-4283
Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
- Dwight Q. Tanner, Matthew W. Johnston, and Heather M. Bragg
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, collected total-dissolved-gas and water-temperature data at eight sites near dams on the lower Columbia River in 2002. When water is released through the spillways of dams, air is entrained in the water, increasing the concentration of total dissolved gas to levels that can have adverse effects on freshwater aquatic life. Significant findings include:
- For the eight monitoring sites in water year 2002, an average of 99.6% of the total-dissolved gas data were received in real time by the USGS satellite downlink and were within 1% saturation of the expected value, based on calibration data and ambient river conditions at adjacent sites.
- Most field checks of total-dissolved-gas sensors with a secondary standard were within 1% saturation. Field checks of barometric pressure and water temperature were usually within 1 millimeter of mercury and 0.05 degrees Celsius, respectively.
- In June and July 2002, spills exceeded 140,000 cubic feet per second at the John Day, The Dalles, and Bonneville Dams. These spills resulted in levels of total dissolved gas that exceeded 120% saturation downstream of the dams.
- The variance to the State of Oregon water-quality standard for total dissolved gas of 110% saturation was exceeded at seven of the eight monitoring sites. The sites at Camas and Bonneville are considered forebay sites and had the most days exceeding the variance of 115% saturation. The forebay exceedances may have been the result of the cumulative effects of significant spill throughout the lower Columbia River. Apparently, the levels of total dissolved gas did not dissipate rapidly enough downstream of the dams before reaching the next site.
- From mid-July to mid-September, water temperatures were usually above 20 degrees Celsius at each of the seven lower Columbia River sites in operation. According to the Oregon water-quality standard, when the temperature of the lower Columbia River exceeds 20 degrees Celsius, no measurable temperature increase resulting from anthropogenic activities is allowed.
Total dissolved gas and water temperature in the lower Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2002 : quality-assurance data and comparison to water-quality standards; 2002; WRI; 2002-4283; Tanner, Dwight Q.; Johnston, Matthew W.; Bragg, Heather M.
Table of Contents
- Methods of Data Collection
- Summary of Data Completeness and Quality
- Quality-Assurance Data
- Effects of Spill on Total Dissolved Gas
- Comparison of Total Dissolved Gas and Temperature to Water-Quality Standards
- Site-Specific Considerations
- References Cited
Additional Publication Details
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- USGS Numbered Series
- Total dissolved gas and water temperature in the lower Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2002 : quality-assurance data and comparison to water-quality standards
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- Water-Resources Investigations Report
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- iii, 12 p. : ill. (some col.), map ; 28 cm.
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