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Concentrations of Escherichia Coli in Streams in the Kankakee and Lower Wabash River Watersheds in Indiana, June-September 1999

Water-Resources Investigations Report 2001-4018

Prepared in cooperation with the Indiana Department of Environmental Management
By:
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Abstract

Water samples collected from 58 surface- water sites in the Kankakee and Lower Wabash River Watersheds from June through September 1999 were analyzed for concentrations of Escherichia coli bacteria. Each sitewas sampled five times in a 30-day period. Twentynine sites were sampled during June and July, and 29 different sites were sampled during August and September. A five-sample geometric mean of concentrations was computed for each site. Concentrations of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in 126 of the 289 samples exceeded the State of Indiana single-sample standard of 235 colonies per 100 milliliters for waters used for recreation. Concentrations in samples from 38 of the 58 sites exceeded the State of Indiana standard for a five-sample geometric mean of 125 colonies per 100 milliliters for waters used for recreation. Ten of the 58 sites were at or near U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations. Based on records from the streamflowgaging stations, 18 percent of the samples collected at these sites were collected at streamflows above the median daily discharge for each station. E. coli concentrations and turbidity measurements collected during 1999 were analyzed in concert with similar concentration and turbidity data collected in 1998 at streams within the Upper Wabash River Watershed in Indiana to investigate the relation between concentrations of bacteria and turbidity. The analysis indicated a statistically significant correlation between concentrations of E. coli and turbidity. If the turbidity was greater than 83 nephelometric turbidity units, the E. coli concentration always exceeded the singlesample standard. If, however, the turbidity was less than 83 nephelometric turbidity units, concentrations of E. coli were not always below the single-sample standard.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Concentrations of Escherichia Coli in Streams in the Kankakee and Lower Wabash River Watersheds in Indiana, June-September 1999
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
2001-4018
Edition:
-
Year Published:
2001
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Contributing office(s):
U.S. Geological Survey
Description:
v, 58 p.
Time Range Start:
1999-06-01T12:00:00
Time Range End:
1999-09-30T12:00:00