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Distribution of nitrate in ground water, Redlands, California

Water-Resources Investigations Report 76-117

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,

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Abstract

Wells producing water with nitrate as nitrogen concentrations in excess of 10 milligrams per liter are common throughout the Redlands, Calif., area. Nitrite as nitrogen concentrations in water from the saturated part of the aquifer ranged from much greater than 20 milligrams per liter at the water table to less than 5 milligrams per liter at depths of 300 feet below the water table. This depth dependence suggests that the major source of nitrate is a generalized area-wide infiltration of high-nitrate water downward from the surface through the unsaturated zone. The nitrate concentration in water from individual wells is dependent primarily upon depth and well construction--particularly aquifer seal and aquifer penetration--and secondarily upon well location. Nitrate concentrations of water in wells are increased by heavy pumping which causes high-nitrate water near the water table to be pulled deeper. (Woodard-USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Distribution of nitrate in ground water, Redlands, California
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
76-117
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1977
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division,
Description:
v, 38 p. :ill., maps ;27 cm.